Self-sufficiency in food and fiber production is a goal of Iran 's Extension service. During the 20th century the implementation of agricultural extension services was narrow. November 19, 2020 0 68. In addition, extension agents help farmers reach out for other support services of agriculture, that they may need. It includes elements such as guiding principles, extension methods, structures/institutions for organizing target beneficiaries to access services, monitoring and evaluation. NIGERIAN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE 1.0 Introduction The records of the beginning of creation in the holy books were presented in farming community following some rules. Agricultural extension service has to be competent in agricultural skills, to communicate efficiently with producers and stimulate them to acquire new knowledge. UN-2. Extension services in Punjab need new capacities to deal with the evolving challenges in agriculture. EFFECTIVENESS OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION ORGANISATION IN RURAL AREAS: THE CASE OF AMATHOLE DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY (EASTERN CAPE) by MZUHLELI MAKAPELA submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE in the subject AGRICULTURE at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: DR. S. S. LETSOALO CO-SUPERVISOR: DR. B. Governments had researchers, research needed to be brought to the masses, and workers were hired to do just that. 1008, Anyigba Kogi State, Nigeria. EXTENSION SERVICES RENDERED BY NON GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS. agriculture extension services. Through extension, land-grant institutions reach out to offer their resources to address public needs. The department’s major activity is to provide an agricultural extension service that advises farmers on improved farming systems and technologies that will assure increased productivity and improve their standards of living. 2Departments of Agricultural Extension and Communication, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. Knowledge of farming in that beginning was not only a way of life; it was also a major determinant of success and failure of individuals, groups and communities. 2013, Cuguara and Moder 2011, Kondylis et al. By educating farmers on business operations and on modern agricultural science and technologies, extension contributes to the success of countless farms, ranches, and rural business. Agricultural extension service i s focus of this paper, therefore we shall discuss ex tension wing of . en Agriculture extension services provide information about new technologies, plant varieties and market opportunities, usually for commercially marketed crops. In order to facilitate the development of the agricultural sector, agricultural extension service is a sine qua non. Despite claiming that agriculture is a national priority, only 2% of the budget goes towards extension services and research. However, structural ad-justment programmes during the 1980s and 1990s led to a significant decline in the funds available – and farmers suffered as a result. Keywords: Extension, challenge, Role, Agriculture, Ethiopia. Accepted 26 October, 2009 Then, the bulk of farm knowledge generation and … Agricultural extension services are designed to “extend” research-based knowledge to the rural sector to improve the lives of farmers, by increasing their yields and production (Davis, 2008). The gender equity dimension of agricultural extension service provision is an aspect that is widely addressed in the literature. The 1994 Department Reorganization Act, passed by Congress, created CSREES by combining the former Cooperative State Research Service and the Extension Service into a single agency. There is no universally-accepted framework for how to measure the performance of agricultural extension and advisory services. Agricultural extension approach: The overall arrangement set up by the agricultural extension service provider to achieve the set objectives. Extension shows positive effects on knowledge, adoption, and productivity. 3.1 Extension Services Rendered by Agricultural Co-operatives. The best-fit framework suggests an impact chain approach, where components of the system (e.g. This model was very much public sector-driven, and focused on disseminating information on best practices and supporting the transfer of technology. Agriculture Extension Service Delivery in Federal Nepal: Emerging Challenges and Way Forward. In sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, however, the traditional agricultural extension services designed to address these needs often face critical personnel shortages and offer recommendations that few farmers adopt (Coughlin 2006, BenYishay and Mobarak 2014, Glendenning et al. Extension Services Position Paper: June 2012 Extension services are a key investment for sustainable agriculture Extension services enable farmers to take up innovations, improve production, and protect the environment. Hence, Nepalese agriculture extension service delivery has been facing difficulties in transforming itself in the changed context. agricultural extension services in various parts of the world. During the 1960s and 1970s, state-run, state-funded agricultural extension and advisory services played a key role in increasing agricultural productivity. 2010, Beaman et al. Also, this situation stimulates the need for new approaches to promote the transition of new innovations into concrete benefits to poor farmers in developing countries (Hellin, 2012). delivery of agricultural extension services, the central concern of the new agricultural policy, so as to see how its implementation is impacting on improved farming practices at farmers’ level. It is now widely accepted that a new model of service delivery is needed. The new Constitution of Nepal (2015) has initiated federal, provincial, and local governments in Nepal, each bestowed with respective rights, responsibilities, power and authority. The Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES) was an extension agency within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), part of the executive branch of the federal government. … The local level agriculture division is focussed on subsidised distribution of plastic houses and plastic ponds rather than disseminating extension and advisory services. The most common challenge facing farmers during the founding years of co-operatives centred on economic issues. 2014, Waddington et al. Trends in agricultural extension services in Africa: Option for new approaches J. O. Saliu1*, P. C. Obinne2 and S. I. Audu1 1Department of Agricultural economics and Extension, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria. Farmers may be made to take decisions regarding the package of practices in the process of transfer of technology with a degree of pr jficiency in making such decisions. agricultural extension service delivery in Nigeria Adejo, P. E.1, Okwu, O. J.2 and Ibrahim, M. K.1* 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Kogi State University, P.M.B. Vision, mission and objective of the extension system Vision for Ethiopia’s extension system Modern agriculture integrated with the rest of the economy and a wealthy society free from food insecurity and poverty. Agriculture Department in a bit more de tail. 2Department of Agricultural Extension and Communi`cation, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria. Agricultural information and extension services in developing countries can be improved by adapting the pedagogical model, using information and communications technology (ICT) to reach farmers directly with more tailored and timely information, incentivizing trainers based on learning outcomes, and leveraging social networks for last-mile information delivery. Responsible for the promotion of crop production, as well as promoting improved human nutrition. agricultural extension service delivery in Ethiopia has its impact on the development of country. Agricultural extension is defined as the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agriculture through farmer education. 2.Overlapping Power, Authority, and Jurisdiction Article 51 of the Constitution of Nepal established the policies on agriculture and land reform. As EPID was dissolved following the reorganization of the Ministry of Agriculture in 1979, the extension service, formerly less than one umbrella, was split up and its activities were taken over by the line departments of the Ministry. Sharing of agricultural knowledge and good practices in extension and advisory provision in the region can go a long way in strengthening these capacities and enhancing productivity and rural incomes. 2015, Blair et al. 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